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In connection with vital events, age data refer to the age on the day the event took place. Average age is obtained by adding up the ages of all persons involved in the same event at the time of the event, after which the sum is divided by the of these persons. As the used age of a person is given in full years at the time of the event, it is not the exact age of that person. The age-specific marriage rate indicates the of married women per 1, non-married women of the mean population in the age group in question.
The age-specific remarriage rate indicates the of second or higher order marriages contracted by women per 1, women that have ly been married in the age group in question. All persons entered in the Population Register are indicated a country of birth, which is determined on the basis of the mother's permanent home country at the time of birth. This means, for example, that the country of birth of Estonian immigrants born before Estonian independence is the Soviet Union. Similarly, the country of birth of people who were born in areas that Finland has subsequently ceded is Finland even though the area no longer is Finnish territory.
Country of birth is indicated according to the form of government at the time of birth. The crude divorce rate refers to the of divorces per 1, persons of the mean population. The crude remarriage rate refers to the of second or higher order marriages contracted by women per 1, ly married women of the mean population. The divorce statistics are based on data on granted decrees of divorce transmitted to the Population Register Centre by courts of law. The statistics also include cases where a permanent resident of Finland is granted a divorce by a foreign court.
If the divorce is granted abroad, it must be reported to the register keeper for registration of divorce. Exceptions are divorces granted to Finnish citizens in Sweden, on which the Swedish register keeper notifies the Finnish counterpart directly. A divorce granted to a Finnish citizen abroad usually requires validation by the Helsinki Court of Appeal before registration. Divorce decisions given in the Nordic Countries and in the EU countries as of 1 March can be registered without validation.
In to , divorces referred to divorces of women living permanently in Finland unless otherwise stated. Starting from the statistical reference year , divorces where at least one of the spouses has resided permanently in Finland on the day the divorce was granted are included in the statistics as divorces. Since , the total of divorces consists of the of divorces of marriages between opposite-sex and same-sex couples. Divorce figures began to rise towards the end of , when the first divorces after a reconsideration period of six months became effective under the new legislation.
The Marriage Act no longer has regulations on 'cancellation of marriage' or 'nullification of marriage'. Before the new act came into force in these were in separate groups, now among divorces. The category in which education leading to a qualification or degree is divided on the basis of the requirement level. Note 1: selection to education on a particular level of education often requires completion of a lower level of education.
Note 2: the level of education is measured on the basis of both the overall duration or target time of the education and the requirement level. Note 3: levels of education: early childhood education duration varies , primary education 6 years , lower secondary education 3 years, in total 9 years from the beginning of primary education , upper secondary education 3 years, in total 12 years from the beginning of primary education , post-secondary non-tertiary education years, in total years from the beginning of primary education , lowest level tertiary education years, in total years from the beginning of primary education , Bachelor's or equivalent level years, in total years from the beginning of primary education , Master's or equivalent level years, in total years from the beginning of primary education and doctoral or equivalent level years, in total years from the beginning of primary education.
Note 4: the level of education indicator cannot be calculated directly on the basis of the duration presented in this concept. Information on language is obtained from the Population Information System. At the same time as parents register the name of their new-born, they also indicate the child's mother tongue.
That language is retained in the Population Information System unless it is changed upon separate application. The future language classification ISO was already adopted for the population census. The information on marital status is derived from the Population Information System of the Population Register Centre.
It should be noted that common-law marriage or cohabiting is not a marital status. People representing all marital status may be cohabiting, including those who are still officially married. The current divorce regulations no longer recognise the concept of legal separation. Those persons who are legally separated on the basis of the old divorce provisions prior to 1 January and still living apart have been slotted under married persons in the statistics.
Same-sex couples had been able to register their partnership in Finland as of 1 March The amendment to the Marriage Act that entered into force on 1 March didn't change the classification of marital status. For reasons of data protection, in municipal tables those living in a registered partnership are classified together with married persons, as are those divorced or widowed from a registered partnership with divorced and widowed persons. The classification of marital status is as follows: Unmarried Married Divorced Widowed Partner in a registered partnership Divorced from a registered partnership Widowed after a registered partnership.
Starting from the statistical reference year , contracted marriages refer to marriages where at least one of the spouses has resided permanently in Finland on the day when the marriage was contracted. The of marriages contracted annually is, thus, the of marriages entered into by same-sex and opposite-sex spouses. In to , contracted marriages referred to marriages of women living permanently in Finland unless otherwise stated.
The notion of mean population or average population refers to the average of the populations of two consecutive years. When a ratio describing some phenomenon is calculated for the statistical year, the of events in the phenomenon in question is usually expressed as a proportion of the mean population of the people or the groups subject to the event. The figures relating to population events are generally given as per 1,, that is, the result of the division is multiplied by one thousand.
Registered partnership of two persons of the same sex aged 18 or over Act on Registered Partnerships of 9 Nov. Partnership is registered by an authority entitled to perform civil marriage ceremonies. Registered partnership is dissolved when one partner dies or is declared dead, or when it is dissolved by court order. The total divorce rate is an index calculated from the divorces granted in one year.
Ratios are calculated between the s of marriages contracted in different years and ending in divorce and the s of all marriages contracted in the same year, respectively. For example, for couples divorced in , a ratio is calculated between those married for 30 years and all couples married in ; between those married for 29 years and all couples married in ; and so on.
The sum of these ratios, expressed per hundred, is the total divorce rate. It indicates the percentage of marriages that would end in divorce if the divorce rate of the reference year remained the same during the entire marriage. Because in certain cases the figure can be higher than per cent, it is not right to interpret it as a probability.
The total marriage rate describes the proportion of women generally per or 1, persons that contract marriage in their lives, on condition that none of them die and that the marriage rate in the pertinent cohort remains constant throughout the period when these women belong to the age groups of 15 to 49 years. It is computed by adding up the age-specific marriage rates of first marriages in the whole age period. For the age-specific marriage rate a ratio is calculated between the of women contracting marriages and all the women in the age group and not only the non-married ones.
Referencing instructions :. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: Open menu.Married Finland iso sex
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Concepts and definitions