Added: Johnmichael Kist - Date: 05.11.2021 12:15 - Views: 13554 - Clicks: 6560
Cannabis is classified as a class B drug. As such, any person who is caught with cannabis risks up to five years imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both. While being convicted of producing and supplying a Class B drug, risks up to 14 years imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both. For those caught with a small amount of cannabis — typically less than one ounce — police can issue a warning or on-the-spot fine if the possession is deemed for personal use.
Data however suggests that this law is regularly flouted. According to a Home Office Survey, 6. In , Home Office figures showed that 15, people in England and Wales were prosecuted for possession of cannabis. However within the United Kingdom, there is now something of a postcode lottery surrounding the enforcement of Cannabis laws. By contrast, in Durham, the police do not target recreational cannabis users, and in the West Midlands, the police divert those caught with small amount of cannabis away from the criminal justice system and into awareness courses, sometimes described as being similar to those in place for speeding offences.
Cannabis is a durable hemp plant which can be used to produce a of products including seeds, pulp, and medicine. As a substance it is a controlled drug under the misuse of drugs legislation. However, changes to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations in November do now allow medicinal cannabis to be prescribed under certain circumstances. In mid , formal permission was given for the NHS to prescribe cannabis based medicines to treat Lennox Gastuat and Dravet syndrome. Clinical trials showed the cannabis based medications reduced the associated seizures that came with these conditions.
In November , the National Institute for Health and Social Care Excellence NICE published guidance on prescribing cannabis-based medicinal products for people with intractable nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, spasticity and severe treatment-resistant epilepsy. Separate to the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes, in recent years, a of countries have moved to decriminalize the recreational use of cannabis.
Since that time, some 16 American States have moved to legalise cannabis usage, with New York doing so in July A of other States also now permit cannabis use for medicinal purposes. Having legalized cannabis for medicinal purposes in , Canada became the first whole G7 nation to legalise the recreational use of the drug in October In the Netherlands, the possession, selling and growing of small amounts of cannabis is not subject to prosecution.
Recreational use of cannabis is also decriminalised in a of other countries, including Australia, Brazil, Colombia, Jamaica and Luxembourg, and Uruguay. And in Germany, possession of cannabis remains a criminal offence, albeit the Public Prosecutor may not prosecute if the offence relates to a small amount for personal use and it is not in the public interest to prosecute.
Early Years In the early s, cannabis was popular both as a recreational and a medicinal compound and it is rumoured to have been given to Queen Victoria by her doctor to relieve period pain. Cannabis use was legal and was reportedly used by writers and other artists as a source of inspiration, and to aid imagination. The development of superior alternatives, such as the invention of the syringe for rapid drug inducement and the development of aspirin, led to the reduced use of cannabis in medicine.
The report also recommended the re-classification of cannabis to a class C drug. A report by the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee in recommended the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. In , the Government began a major policy shift on cannabis by conducting a trial in Lambeth, South London, for dealing with cannabis possession offences. Officers in the area would no longer arrest individuals for possession but instead issue a verbal warning and confiscate the substance.
The rationale was that by relaxing the current procedures police would be freed up to deal with more serious offences. In , Home Secretary David Blunkett announced that he might permit the medical use of cannabis if clinical trials of the drug were successful. In March , Home Secretary Charles Clarke asked the advisory council on the misuse of drugs ACMD to examine new evidence on the harmfulness of cannabis and consider whether this changed their assessment of cannabis as a class C drug. In a report in January , the council concluded that cannabis should remain a class C drug, and the Home Office accepted this.
However, the Home Secretary said a programme of public education was needed to raise understanding about the implications of cannabis consumption. The campaign was delivered in partnership with the police and also aimed to publicise the penalties for dealing, producing, and using cannabis.
Gordon Brown and tightening the law on Cannabis After ten years of liberalising attitudes towards cannabis, in , shortly after he became Prime Minister, Gordon Brown alled that he would consider reclassifying cannabis as a Class B drug. Ministers appeared sympathetic to evidence that cannabis was getting stronger, due to the greater availability of skunk, and the reported links between cannabis use and mental illness.
The renewed debate sparked a flurry of confessions by senior ministers that they had smoked the drug in their youth. Among them was the woman in charge of the cannabis review, the then Home Secretary Jacqui Smith. Former Home Secretary Jacqui Smith admitted to having ly smoked cannabis, but still reclassified the drug. In May , the government announced its decision to reclassify cannabis as a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act Following debates in both Houses of Parliament, the current reclassification came into effect on 26th January The current situation regarding cannabis laws Going into the s, cannabis remained a Class B drug, albeit one that is now d for medicinal uses in specific situations.
However, echoing the decriminalization movements witnessed in other countries, in recent years there have been fresh calls for a rethink on the approach towards cannabis laws UK. The Liberal Democrats , declared their support the legalisation of cannabis in March The Green Party also support the legalization of cannabis. In the London Mayor elections, London Mayor Sadiq Khan announced his manifesto with a pledge to set up a drugs commission.
And whilst cannabis remains a Class B drug, a of local police forces, in conjunction with local Police and Crime Commissioners, appear to be taking a less stringent approach to cannabis enforcement for personal use than in the past. Whether cannabis should be legalised, decriminalised or reclassified are all controversial issues, as are any Government attempts to reform the law on drug use.
Although it is a matter of debate as to the extent with which cannabis use le to later hard drug abuse, drug dealers are said to rarely discriminate between the varieties of drug, and many fear that the decriminalisation of cannabis will prop up hard drug dealing and associated organised crime.
Subsequent withdraw symptoms from cannabis are said to lead to mood swings, restlessness and difficulty sleeping. People approaching the issue from this point of view also note how in recent years, the THC content of cannabis has increased, leading to stronger and more dangerous forms of the drug being in circulation. It is argued that cannabis with high levels of THC can lead to people developing psychiatric issues. The Royal College of Psychiatrists has said that those using cannabis, particularly younger users around the age of 15, have far higher chances of developing psychotic illness, including schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
Moreover, they argue that selling marijuana in d shops would be a better way to regulate the drug and control the contents of the THC ingredient that people consume. Critics suggest that it is hypocritical of the government to criminalise the use of cannabis, whilst simultaneously allowing the sale of alcohol and tobacco.
Libertarian campaigners also call for a reform in the law on grounds of personal choice and individual freedom. Finally those calling for the reform of cannabis laws, such as the former Conservative leader William Hague, have also pointed to the widespread use of cannabis amongst the population. This, they suggest, undermines the rule of law, and risks criminalizing people who are otherwise law abiding.
It is claimed that when a law has ceased to be credible, and police enthusiasm for enforcing it has waned, respect for the law in general is damaged. If a law is not supported or enforced, they argue that it should be disposed with. The general public is almost twice as likely to support the legalisation of cannabis in the UK than they are to oppose. If the recent increase in availability of stronger forms of cannabis does lead to an increase in total use by some people, this might also lead to an increase in their future risk of developing mental health problems.
Over a million patients in the UK are currently self-medicating with cannabis for a medical condition and it is not in the public interest to have these chronically ill patients living with the threat of prosecution for consuming a medicine that gives them relief from their symptoms. But we can see the potential benefits from a taxation perspective if we were to regulate it. They were genuine cases and the Government, for once, did the right thing and did it quickly.
No, I do not think they were raising expectations. What has happened is that hopes have been correctly raised, because this offers a lot of hope and benefit to a lot of people, but we have now moved across to implementation and the honest reality is that it is a disaster. It is just not working. The families sitting behind me now should be getting prescriptions, going home and watching their children, hopefully-it might not work for everyone-improving day after day. We ought to be. After all, we believe in market forces and the responsible exercise of freedom, regulated as necessary.
We should prefer to provide for lawful taxes than preside over increased profits from crime. Search for: Search. About Write for us Drawing for Politics. What is the law on cannabis in the UK? Cannabis remains illegal to possess, distribute, sell or grow in the UK.Cannabis class b or c
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Cannabis classification in the United Kingdom